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Authors: Wen Jian, Ph.D. (history), professor assistant of the Chinese study department at the Amur State University ( town Blagoveshchensk), graduated from the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Far Eastern Population, Far Eastern Department, Russian Academy of Science; Leonid Arkadievitch Gorobets, doctor of the Amur Regional Clinical Hospital for Children, when he is not working he studies Philosophy, History and Traditions of China.

This treatise is the first in Russia complex research of modern Taoism of continental China. The first chapter gives the summary of the beginnings and religious doctrine of Taoism. It pays attention to the ritual practice of Taoism followers that includes occasional religious rites, ceremonial of ordaniny and fasts. The second chapter deals with the classification of deities and immortals of Taoistic pantheon. It also examines the traditions connected with worshiping deities in ritual practice and in everyday life of Chinese. The third chapter touches upon the functioning levels of Taoism in modern society. Especial attention is paid to the orthodox trends The School of the Perfect Truth (Quanzhen) and The School of the True Unity (Zhengyi). The forth chapter presents a deep analysis of the Chinese government policy in religious sphere after "cultural revolution" The subsequent parts of the treatise are dedicated to the problems of correlation between Taoism and Chinese Traditionalism, Taoism and modern society. The main conclusion of the research is the admittance of the fact that Taoism is still an important factor influencing the life of modern China and other countries of Asian-Pacific region.